Position – The Beurre Bosc tree enjoys full sun or minimal shade, with shelter from the wind. They should be planted about 4 to 5 metres away from other trees and between 2.5 and 3 metres from sewer pipes, buildings, fences and patios. Before you plant your pear tree, put it in a bucket or drum of water to keep the roots from drying out while you dig its hole. Then, fill the hole with the loose, rich topsoil to give the roots the best source of nutrients.
Size – This pear tree reaches a height of about 6 to 8 metres when it is fully matured. They generally start to fruit when they are about 3 years old, but bear their first full harvest at around 5 to 7 years old.
Soil Type – As with most fruit trees, the Beurre Bosc tree needs well-drained soil that is fertile. Avoid planting it in clay soil. If your soil is not in great shape, the tree responds well to fertiliser, which adds nutrients to your ground and creates a great environment for your plant to thrive.
Mulch – The Beurre Bosc thrives with good mulch that preserves the moisture effectively. Bark, wood chips, straw, pine needles and cut grass all work well. Refresh the mulch regularly for best results.
Watering – Once you’ve planted your tree, give it a good, thorough soak with water. After that, continue to keep it well-watered, especially during dry spells.
Fertilising – Use fertiliser at least once a year, especially if your soil isn’t particularly high in nutrients. If the leaves are pale and dull, more fertiliser might be needed next year. If the tree grows more than about 30 centimetres in a season, use less fertiliser next time.
Pruning – A light pruning once a year keeps your Beurre Bosc pear tree in optimal condition.
Harvesting – Your pears will continue to ripen when they are picked. So, it is best to pick them when they are fully sized, but still firm to the touch. Then, leave them to ripen at room temperature and enjoy them at leisure.