Position – This self-fertilising tree should be planted in full- or half-day sun. This means about 3 to 6 hours of sunlight every day. Still, remember that they don’t do well in very hot conditions.
Size – When mature, this tree reaches a height of between 3 and 4.5 metres. However, many gardeners prune them to be a little shorter. They have a similar to slightly wider spread.
Soil Type – The roots of the white Genoa fig tree need a good movement of air around them, so use sandy or loamy soil that drains well. A neutral to alkaline pH is the best soil for this tree and will yield the best results.
Mulch – Use mature compost or hay around the base of the tree to retain moisture, stave off weeds and add nutrients to the soil. But, be careful to keep the mulch at least 20 centimetres away from the tree trunk. If it is too close to the trunk, it can become waterlogged and cause rot in the tree.
Watering – In general, they need about 2.5 to 4 centimetres of water a week. During the cooler months, the white Genoa fig tree should not require much watering, unless the soil around them has become completely dry. During the hot, dry season, water them once a week. You’ll know they need more water if the leaves are starting to turn yellow.
Fertilising – A low-nitrogen fertiliser like 2:3:4 can be given to your tree in spring and again in summer.
Pruning – The best time to prune your fig tree is during the winter months, when the tree is not actively growing. Cut off unwieldy branches or those that have become too long for your space.
Harvesting – The white Genoa fig tree bears fruit in early summer and again in late summer / early autumn. The first fruits aren’t as sweet and flavoursome as the second batch, which grows from older wood. Ripe figs will come away from the tree easily. Simply hold them from the bottom, lift them and tug slightly.