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Jackfruit Tree


Artocarpus Heterophyllius


Jackfruit, also known as Jack Tree, is an exotic fruit which is native to South India. They are part of the Moraceae family which includes, fig, mulberry and breadfruit. Jackfruit is unique in the way that it is the largest tree fruit in the world which can reach up to 55kg in weight. Jackfruit has a spiky outer skin which is green or yellow. It has a sweet and juicy flavour which have been described as a combination of fruits including, apples, mangoes, bananas, and pineapples.


The most commonly consumed part of the jackfruit is the flesh, or otherwise fruit pods as this can be eaten when ripe or unripe. The seeds are also safe to eat as it can be added into sweet or savoury dishes, not excluding deserts and curries.

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Jackfruit grows as an evergreen tree with a short trunk and a dense treetop. It can easily reach heights of 10-20 metres with the trunk reaching 30-80 cm in diameter. The bark of the jackfruit tree is smooth reddish-brown and when the bark is injured a milky juice is released. The leaves on younger trees are irregularly lobed or split whilst on older trees they are rounder and dark green with a smooth leaf margin.


Position – Plant your jackfruit tree in full sun with well drained soil. It is extremely sensitive to frost and will not do well in drought.


Soil type – Jackfruit trees are not fussy about the soil conditions as it grows well in sandy and rocky soils


Fertiliser – To ensure good growth and fruit-bearing jackfruit trees need a high amount of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. Plant your jacket plum tree with a combination of potting soil and organic compost. Use a fertiliser with these requirements from your local hardware or nursery, and use it every 1 to 2 months while the tree is young. After that, 3 to 4 times per year is sufficient.


Use our volcanic rock dust to give your jackfruit tree the required magnesium. Otherwise, get magnesium as well for maximum fruit production.


Mulch – Mulching with pine bark will assist in maintaining the acidity of the soil. This mulch is available from Just Berry Plants.


Watering – During warm weather and the growing season, water your jackfruit tree generously 2 to 3 times a month. Jackfruit trees enjoy a constant source of moisture although they cannot tolerate wet roots as this will prevent it to bear fruit.


Pruning – Remove any dead or crossing branches and any foliage or small branches that sprout on larger branches.


Harvesting – Jackfruits ripen from March to June, April to September or June to August.

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