Position – The White Genoa Fig is a self-fertile tree that thrives in full or half-day sunshine, i.e., five to six hours of sun daily. Still, remember that they don’t do well in hot conditions.
Size – When mature, this tree reaches a height of between 3 and 4.5 mts. However, many gardeners prune them to be a little shorter. They have a slightly wider spread than most trees.
Soil Type – The white Genoa fig tree’s roots need good air movement around them, so use sandy or loamy soil that drains well. A neutral to alkaline pH is the best soil for this tree and will yield the best results.
Mulch – Use mature compost or hay around the tree’s base to retain moisture, stave off weeds and add nutrients to the soil. Be careful to keep the mulch at least 20 cms away from the tree trunk. If it is too close to the trunk, it can become waterlogged and cause root rot.
Watering – Generally, fig trees need about 2.5 to 4 cms of water a week. During the cooler months, the white Genoa fig tree should not require much watering unless the soil has completely dried. During the hot, dry season, water them once a week. If the leaves start turning yellow, this is a sign that they require more water.
Fertilising – A low-nitrogen fertiliser such as 2:3:4 can be fed in spring and again in summer.
Pruning – The best time to prune your fig tree is during winter when the tree is not actively growing. Cut off unwieldy branches or those that have become too long for your space.
Harvesting – The white Genoa fig tree bears fruit in early summer and again in late summer / early autumn. The first fruits are not as sweet and flavoursome as the second batch, which grows from older wood. Ripe figs will come away from the tree easily. Hold them from the bottom, lift them, and tug slightly.