Planting information for your Avocado Tree:
Position – Plant your Fuerte avocado tree in a sunny spot that is sheltered from the wind. Allow about 7.5 to 10 metres between your avo trees. For smaller gardens, the size of the tree can be controlled. This is a tybe B avo, which means that flowers first open as males, then close and reopen as females. So, plant them about 7.5 to 10 metres from a type A tree, which will have the opposite sex flower at the same time. This helps bees to cross-pollinate them.
Size – This is a large avo tree and can reach a height of between 12 and 15 metres, depending on the condition of the soil, with a canopy spread of up to about 10.5 metres. In good conditions, it can grow about a metre a year.
Soil Type – The Fuerte avo trees need plenty of water, but soggy soil leads to rotting roots. So, the ground needs to be a sandy or loamy soil that drains well. Soil with a pH of between 5.0 and 7.0 is best for avos.
Mulch – Mulch helps to keep the moisture in the soil and to keep weeds at bay. So, use organic material like compost, hay or wood chips. Be careful to keep it about 20 centimetres away from the trunk of the tree, otherwise it will also become waterlogged.
Watering – Avocado trees are particularly demanding when it comes to water. They want plenty of it. In fact, a mature tree may drink up to 20 gallons or 75 litres of water a day. Generally, your tree should be watered two to three times a week, unless it has been particularly dry.
Fertilising – One tablespoon of nitrogen can be applied around your tree once in spring, once in summer, and once in autumn. Follow the sprinkling with a heavy watering to allow the nitrogen to be absorbed into the soil.
Pruning – Prune your Fuerte avo tree towards the end of winter / beginning of spring with clean equipment (that hasn’t been used on another diseased tree). Keep the canopy light and airy, and trim off horizontal branches that are hanging closer to the ground.
Harvesting – Only mature fruits will ripen once plucked, so try to leave them on the tree for as long as possible. As a general rule, pick the largest fruits first, as they will be the most mature. When your Fuerte avo is ready to eat, it will be firm, but give under the pressure of your thumb.