Position – Plant a Litchi tree in full sun for best results. If you plant a litchi tree in a container in an area with sunlight on only one side, turn the tree as often as possible. Plant at least three mts away from other trees, buildings, and power lines. Litchi trees grow very quickly and are very large.
Potted litchi trees grow very well in containers, providing an adequately-sized pot for root development—at least a 1 mt pot with enough drainage holes is essential. Glazed pots require far less watering than raw terracotta pots due to their porous nature.
Litchi trees cannot tolerate frost or wind, preferring a location next to a sunny, wind-sheltered, south-facing wall that produces a warm microclimate. Frost cover is necessary in cold climates.
Soil Type – Litchis thrive in deep, fertile, well-draining soil. Use an acidic soil of pH 5.0 to 5.5. A higher pH level is acceptable, but the tree will not grow as well.
The soil needs to drain well as litchi trees’ roots do not like to be wet and will rot if allowed to sit in water for extended periods. A soil, sand, and perlite mixture is highly recommended for proper drainage.
Harvesting – Litchi fruits grow in bunches and should be picked only when the skin is a pink colour.