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Chocktaw Pecan Nut

Choctaw pecan trees thrive in areas with hot summers and moderate winters. however, they do require sufficient winter chilling hours (around 800 to 1000 hours below 7°C).

A pollinator is required and Choctaw can be pollinated by Witchita & Oconee. Ensure they are planted with at least 10m of space between them and 20m or more from buildings or other structures.

The Choctaw Pecan is renowned for its large size and excellent flavour. It is favoured by many growers for its high quality, productivity, and disease resistance.

Choctaw pecans are a good source of healthy fats, protein, fiber, and various nutrients. They are used to make pecan butter, oil, and other products in the food industry, in addition to being enjoyed as a snack or in recipes. Overall, Choctaw pecans are valued for their size, flavor, and versatility, making them popular among pecan enthusiasts and consumers.

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Position

Choctaw pecan trees thrive in areas with hot summers and moderate winters. They do require 800-1000 chill hours below 7 degrees.

They require full sun exposure to produce abundant nuts. Ensure they are planted in a location where they will receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. 

Dig a hole approximately 1m x 1m and 1m deep, ensuring the tree is planted at the same depth as it was in the nursery black bag.

Size

Pecan nut trees can grow to a height of between 20 – 40m tall. Ensure they are planted at least 10 metres apart and away from structures and power lines.

Soil type

Choctaw pecan trees prefer well-drained soil that is deep and fertile. They can tolerate a range of soil types but do best in loamy soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

Soil should be rich in organic matter. Adding compost or well-rotted manure before planting can improve soil structure and fertility.

Mulch

Mulching around your tree makes it appealing and allows the soil to benefit from a constant supply of nutrients gathered by its slow decomposition process. Mulching will also keep the soil moist on warmer days.

Watering

Young Choctaw pecan trees need regular watering, especially during dry periods, to help them establish a strong root system. Provide about 1 inch of water per week during the growing season.

Once established, pecan trees are somewhat drought tolerant but will still benefit from supplemental watering during prolonged dry spells.

Fertilising:

Pecan trees, including Choctaw, are heavy feeders and require regular fertilization to support their growth and nut production. Apply our slow-release nitrogen-rich all plant fertiliser. Apply 1 teaspoon every 4-5 months. The roots will absorb what they required.

Pruning:

Prune Choctaw pecan trees annually during the dormant season (winter) to remove dead, damaged, or crossing branches. This helps improve air circulation and light penetration within the canopy, reducing disease and improving nut production.

Pest and Disease Management:

Monitor Choctaw pecan trees regularly for pests such as aphids, pecan weevils, and scab disease. Apply Efficient Microbials (EM Control ) regularly as a preventative against these pests.

Proper sanitation, such as removing fallen leaves and nuts, can help reduce disease pressure.

Pollination

Pecan trees are generally wind-pollinated, but having more than one variety of pecan tree nearby can improve cross-pollination and increase nut production. Choctaw pecan trees are partially self-fertile but benefit from cross-pollination with other pecan varieties. Choctaw can be pollinated by Witchita.

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