Position – Plant almond trees in full sun with at least four mts of space for future growth.
Size – These trees will grow to a height of between 4 and 6 mts. They will fruit after two years and reach total fertility at four years.
Soil Type – Almond trees grow in all soil types, including chalky soil. At Just Berry Plants, we stock volcanic rock dust, which contains organic minerals and trace elements, to create healthy soil and increase essential micro-organisms in the ground.
Mulch – All fruit trees thrive if protected with good-quality mulch. Generous servings of pine bark and green pine needles spread around the tree’s trunk help eradicate weeds, raise the pH slightly, and protect the roots from harsh UV rays. Mulch also helps keep the roots damp. But, be careful not to apply mulch too close to the tree trunk, as this will cause root rot.
Watering – The almond tree roots prefer to avoid being waterlogged. A good soaking every 4 to 5 days in spring and summer is preferable.
Fertilising – Boron is recommended when planting your almond tree. Use a slow-release organic fertiliser in spring and summer.
Pruning – Prune dead branches in winter. Maintain a V-shape in the canopy to allow for better light penetration.
Pests – Watch out for borer worms, as they will attack the hardwood trunk of the tree. Even young trees are at risk.
Harvesting – Flower buds open before the leaf buds in spring. Blossoms last about two weeks, and the fruit develops in mid-summer. The inner shell completes its development three months after blossoming. Harvesting takes place in February and March. Almond trees will give maximum yield at 7 to 9 years old and can produce for up to 40 years.