Position – All stone fruit trees require full sun to produce fruits. A peach tree needs shelter from strong winds. They also require good-quality soil and efficient drainage.
Size – Peach trees can grow to about 8-10 mts tall. Plan the site before planting, keeping the tree away from external walls, electrical lines, and other trees. Plant in a protected area if possible, as strong winds can damage branches and leaves.
Soil Type – Peach trees are not fussy about soil type but prefer slightly acidic soil. Loosen the soil in the area before planting about 1.5mts depth in your regular garden soil, and good drainage is essential. Make necessary amendments to your soil, such as adding organic matter to create an optimal growing environment.
Mulch – Add a thick layer of pine-bark mulch, keeping about 20-30 cm away from the tree trunk. Mulch will keep the soil moist and weeds at bay. It also protects the roots from ultraviolet sun rays.
Watering – Young fairtime peach trees require regular watering to establish robust root systems. Water deeply once a week, providing enough water to moisten the soil to a depth of about 15 cm. As the tree matures, reduce watering frequency but ensure the soil remains consistently moist.
Pruning – Pruning is crucial for fairtime peach trees to maintain their shape, promote airflow, and enhance fruit production. Prune during the dormant season to remove dead or diseased branches, improve sunlight penetration, and maintain an open center shape. Thin out crowded branches to allow for better air circulation and reduce the risk of diseases.
Fertilizing – Apply a balanced fertilizer for fruit trees in early spring before new growth begins. One 200-gram Bag of Superfrass added to the soil every 4-6 months works well. Talborne Fruit & Flower or Nourish Liquid is also an option. Avoid over-fertilisation, as it can lead to excessive vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production.
Pest and Disease Control – Monitor the tree regularly for common peach tree pests such as aphids, peach tree borers, and fruit flies. Use organic pest control methods; EM Control is a reasonable and efficient option. Implement proper sanitation practices, such as removing fallen leaves and fruit, to reduce the risk of diseases like peach leaf curl or brown rot.
Harvesting – Fairtime peaches are typically ready for harvest in the summer months. Harvest the fruit when they reach their desired size, color, and firmness. Gently twist or lift the peach; it is ready to be picked if it easily detaches from the tree.